Effingham County, Georgia



     Effingham - a county in the east part of Georgia, has an area of 480 square miles. It is situated between the Savannah and Ogeechee rivers, which respectively form its boundaries on the east and west; the former separates it from South Carolina. The county is also drained by Ebenezer creek. The surface is level, and partly covered with forests of pine and cypress; the soil is sandy, and, with small exceptions, unproductive. Indian corn, rice, and sweet potatoes are the staples. Lumber is one of the chief articles of export. In 1850 this county produced 87,794 bushels of corn; 37,252 of sweet potatoes, and 257,901 pounds of rice. It contained 21 churches, and 208 pupils attending public schools. It is intersected by the Central railroad. Named in honor of Lord Effingham, a British officer who resigned his commission rather than take arms against the American colonies.
    Capital, Springfield. Population, 3864, of whom 2016 were free, and 1848, slaves. (1854 US Gazetteer, page 352.)

     In Colonial days, Effingham County was referred to as St. Matthews Parish, of which Ebenezer was the center. Following the Revolution, the legislature named Effingham County as one of the eight original counties in Georgia, created by the State Constitution in 1777. (The Website of Effingham County, Georgia)

County Government:

Effingham County Clerk
601 N. Laurel St.
Springfield, GA
Effingham County Probate
901 N. Pine St.
Springfield, GA
Effingham County Superior Court
901 N. Pine St.
Springfield, GA
Effingham County Vital Records Office
P.O. Box 307
Springfield, GA 31329-0307
Springfield City Hall
130 S. Laurel St.
Springfield, GA


Effingham County Library
810 Highway 119 S.
Springfield, GA
Effingham Law Library
901 N. Pine St.
Springfield, GA
Old Jail Museum Library
1002 Early Street
P. O. Box 999
Springfield, GA 31329
Open: Sundays 2-5 pm {200 plus genealogy related books}
South Effingham Branch Library
401 S. Columbia Ave.
Rincon, GA


Effingham County High School
1589 GA Highway 119 S.
Effingham County Middle School
1290 Highway 119 S.
Guyton Elementary School
Marlow Elementary School
4752 Hwy. 17 S.
South Effingham High School
1220 Noel C. Conaway Rd.
Rincon Elementary School
Springfield Alternative School
405 N. Ash St.
Springfield Central Elementary School
434 Wallace Dr.
Effingham County Board of Education
405 N. Ash St.

Effingham County Georgia Mailing List

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